Breening Thursdays


At PEPS, we repeatedly say that the work of the Production Code Administration (PCA) during the Breen Era (1934-1954) was not censorship. We say that it was self-regulation. We dedicate most of our articles to studying and explaining the influence which the PCA had during the twenty years when Joseph I. Breen was its leader. During the course of our explanations, we often use the verb to breen to describe Joe Breen’s unique process of self-regulating movies. This word was coined by Variety in the 1930s, and we have adopted it whole-heartedly.

To show our readers how the PCA improved movies by making them “reasonably acceptable for reasonable people,” we have breened existing films out of the Breen Era ourselves. We even published an article on How to Breen last year.

On June 15, 2017, I published my first Breening Thursday article. In that article, I breened Night World from 1932. I published four more articles in the series in the next two months. Since then, I have not published any further articles in the series. However, we have published other breening articles on the website as part of The Great Breening Blogathon in 2017 and The Second Annual Great Breening Blogathon this year.

Beginning in November, we are reviving the Breening Thursdays series. Starting on November 1, we will publish a new breening article written by me or another member of PEPS each Thursday. In these articles, we will breen films from the silent period (1890s-1929), the pre-Code era (1930-1934), a foreign fi during the Breen Era (1934-1954), the Shurlock Era (1955-1968), or the rating system era (1968-present). We will try to publish a new article in the series every week.

In each article, we give an overview of the film’s story and mention the cast and film crew. Then, we provide a detailed description of how the film could have been changed to be Code-compliant. Like the PCA members, we try to leave the original integrity and feeling of the film intact when making our revisions. The aim of breening is not to change a film because of personal opinions. All changes must stem from offensive elements. However, the removal of such elements often leads to the deepening of plot and the development of characters.

Scroll down for a list of all the films we have breened. They have been categorized by genre. The Breening Thursday articles are in plain font. The films we breened for blogahons are emboldened. The films which were breened by other people during our blogathons are underlined. Each article entry is followed by its author’s initials. Keep checking back for our weekly additions! The latest article is in all capitals.

Silent Films

The Phantom of the Opera (1925) – T.R.B.

The Cat and the Canary (1927) – T.R.B.

White Shadows in the South Seas (1928) – T.R.B.

Pre-Code Films

All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) – K.M.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931) – R.J.B.

Night Nurse (1931) – B.D.

Platinum Blonde (1931) – T.R.B.

Svengali (1931) – T.R.B.

Betty Boop’s Bizzy Bee (1932) – T.R.B.

Grand Hotel (1932) – T.R.B.

Love Me Tonight (1932) – T.R.B.

Night World (1932) – T.R.B.

Rasputin and the Empress (1932) – T.R.B.

Taxi! (1932) – R.J.B.

Vampyr (1932) – S.S.

Baby Face (1933) – T.R.B.

Flying Down to Rio (1933) – T.R.B.

Footlight Parade (1933) – P.E.P.

Snow-White (1933) – T.R.B.

Betty in Blunderland (1934) – T.R.B.

The Black Cat (1934) – M.M.

We’re Not Dressing (1934) – T.R.B.

Foreign Films

21 Days (1940) – T.R.B.

Caesar and Cleopatra (1945) – R.J.B.

Miranda (1948) – T.R.B.

The Red Shoes (1948) – R.J.B.

Mad about Men (1954) – T.R.B.

Shurlock Era Films

All That Heaven Allows (1955) – P.W.

Artists and Models (1955) – J.R.B.

Jupiter’s Darling (1955) – T.R.B.

Kismet (1955) – R.J.B.

The Tender Trap (1955) – J.R.B

High Society (1956) – T.R.B

You Can’t Run Away From It (1956) – T.R.B.

Operation Mad Ball (1957) – J.R.B.

The Pajama Game (1957) – R.J.B.

The Proud Rebel (1958) – T.R.B.

South Pacific (1958) – T.R.B.

Teacher’s Pet (1958) – R.J.B.

Five Pennies (1959) – T.R.B.

It Happened to Jane (1959) – T.R.B.

Some Like It Hot (1959) – T.R.B.

The Wackiest Ship in the Army (1960) – T.R.B.

Come September (1961) – J.R.B.

The Guns of Navarone (1961) – J.R.B.

The Pleasure of His Company (1961) – T.O.B

Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation (1962) – T.R.B.

The Moon-Spinners (1964) – T.R.B.

Paris When It Sizzles (1964) – R.J.B.

The Trouble with Angels (1966) – T.R.B.

Yours, Mine and Ours (1968) – T.R.B.

Rating System Era Films

Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968) – T.R.B.

Hello Down There (1969) – T.R.B.

Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope (1977) – T.R.B. and R.J.B.

Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back (1980) – T.R.B. and R.J.B.

Star Wars: Episode VI- Return of the Jedi (1983) – T.R.B. and R.J.B.

The River (1984) – T.R.B.

American Gothic (1987) – T.R.B.

The Little Mermaid (1989) – R.J.B.

Beauty and the Beast (1991) – R.J.B

Aladdin (1992) – R.J.B.

The Lion King (1994) – R.J.B.

Miracle on 34th Street (1994) – T.R.B.

Pocahontas (1995) – R.J.B.

The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996) – R.J.B.

Mulan (1998) – R.J.B.


Gosford Park (2001) – M.C.Q.

The Man Who Invented Christmas (2017) – T.R.B.

Proposed Code Films

Phantom by Maury Yeston and Arthur Kopit as a 1939 film – R.J.B.

The Phantom of the Opera by Andrew Lloyd Webber as a 1949 Film – T.R.B.

The Lord of the Rings as a Warner Bros. film – C.W.

Follow us to bring back the Code and save the arts in America!

We are lifting our voices in classical song to help the sun rise on a new day of pure entertainment!

Only the Code can make the sun rise on a new day of pure entertainment!


15 thoughts on “Breening Thursdays

  1. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 15. “Miranda” from 1948 | pure entertainment preservation society

  2. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 17. “The Phantom of the Opera” from 1925 | pure entertainment preservation society

  3. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 18. “Pocahontas” from 1995 by Rebekah Brannan | pure entertainment preservation society

  4. Pingback: 52 Code Films – Week #9: “Casanova Brown” from 1944 | pure entertainment preservation society

  5. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 19. “Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation” from 1962 | pure entertainment preservation society

  6. Pingback: News from PEPS | pure entertainment preservation society

  7. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 20. “Mad About Men” from 1954 | pure entertainment preservation society

  8. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 22. “Baby Face” from 1933 | pure entertainment preservation society

  9. Pingback: Breening Thursday #38: “The Proud Rebel” from 1958; “Rebels Can Be Breened” for The Alan Ladd Blogathon | pure entertainment preservation society

  10. Pingback: Announcing “52 Code Films” | pure entertainment preservation society

  11. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 9. “Beauty and the Beast” from 1991 by Rebekah Brannan | pure entertainment preservation society

  12. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 11. “Miracle on 34th Street” from 1994 | pure entertainment preservation society

  13. Pingback: “Pocketful of Miracles” from 1961: “Frank Capra’s Post-Code Surprise” for “The Unexpected Blogathon” | pure entertainment preservation society

  14. Pingback: Thankful for the Code | pure entertainment preservation society

  15. Pingback: Breening Thursday: 8. “The Five Pennies” from 1959 | pure entertainment preservation society

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